|Vietnam's new position in the international arena|
Content of the conversation with Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Gia Khiem.
On October 16, at the 62nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, Vietnam was elected by the majority of member countries as a non-permanent member of the Security Council for the 2008-2009 term. Could the Deputy Prime Minister evaluate the significance and impact of this event on domestic and international?.
The election of Vietnam as a non-permanent member of the Security Council is the largest foreign political event of our country in 2007, marking another important achievement in the open and active foreign policy. and actively participate in international affairs.
This event also shows that the international community appreciates the great achievements of the doi moi process carried out in Vietnam over the past 20 years and believes in Vietnam's ability to take on a new international role. .
As a member of theSecurity Council, Vietnam has the conditions to bring its international relations into depth, substance and effectiveness. For the first time in history, Vietnam has a weighty voice on issues related to international peace and security - something we couldn't have just 20 years ago. Vietnam will be known in the world as an active actor in international relations.
Immediately after our independence, President Ho Chi Minh was aware of the importance of the United Nations in world political life and sent a letter to the permanent members of the Security Council expressing want to join this organization.
To this day, we are proud to have fulfilled President Ho Chi Minh's wish: Vietnam has had a position in world political life, being able to discuss and decide with the great powers of the five continents. important issues related to war and peace in the world.
Could you tell us what preparations our country has made, especially in renewing the activities of the Vietnamese permanent representative mission to the United Nations, to be able to perform this new role well?
The preparation to join the Security Council began in 1997 when we ran for the position of a non-permanent member of the Security Council for the 2008-2009 term. In October 2006, the Group of Asian countries unanimously nominated Vietnam as the continent's candidate for the Security Council and on October 16, Vietnam was officially elected to the Security Council with a high number of votes. .
In the past 10 years, preparations for a new international role have been urgently conducted in many directions, from mobilizing international support to organizing research and surveying the experiences of a number of countries that are already members of the Council. Security and staff training.
The candidacy for the Security Council was conducted in the context that we were promoting international integration by joining ASEAN (1995), joining WTO (1995-2007), participating in the ASEM process (1996), participating in the ASEM process. He joined the United Nations Economic and Social Council (1997), joined APEC (1998).
The Permanent Mission of Vietnam to the United Nations has been supplemented with many well-trained and experienced staff in multilateral activities. The operation and reporting mechanism of the delegation was adjusted so that the coordination between New York and Hanoi was quick and effective. The country also established a specialized department to promptly handle all issues arising during the operation of the Security Council.
Could the Deputy Prime Minister tell us about the major orientations directing our country's activities and behavior at the United Nations during our country's tenure as a non-permanent member of the Security Council?
Participation in the Security Council concretizes the Party's policy set out at the VIII National Congress of "multi-faceted, bilateral and multilateral cooperation with other countries and international organizations" and the foreign policy policy of Vietnam. At the Xth Congress, it was "expanding foreign relations, maintaining a peaceful and stable environment, creating favorable conditions for the construction and defense of the Fatherland".
In this new role, we will take advantage of the Security Council mechanism to protect national interests, maintain a peaceful and stable environment for development. The consideration and decision on issues raised at the Security Council must be based on the principle of independence and autonomy; put the national interest first; comply with international law and the Charter of the United Nations; respect and protect the legitimate and legitimate interests of related parties.
As a representative of Asia at the Security Council, Vietnam will demonstrate the role of a responsible representative in ensuring security, peace and stability in Asia and around the world.
Please tell us what we need to do during our tenure in the Security Council to both affirm Vietnam's ability to participate in the handling of world problems while enhancing and protecting the interests of the United States. legitimate interests of our country and friends in the common development process of the world?
As a nation that has spent decades fighting for the cause of national liberation and creating a peaceful environment for national construction and development, Vietnam understands the price of peace and security for the nation. develop.
Therefore, we always strive for a peaceful world and strongly promote the building of fair and healthy international relations on the basis of international law and the principles of the Charter of the United Nations. country.
Vietnam's election to the Security Council has demonstrated the international community's confidence in Vietnam's ability and experience in participating in handling security and peace issues.
During its tenure in the Security Council, Vietnam has the opportunity to affirm Vietnam's consistent stance on settling disputes and conflicts by peaceful means, on the basis of international law and international principles. principles of the Charter of the United Nations and guarantees fundamental national rights.
Together with other countries, we will promote the United Nations to adopt resolutions, decisions and specific measures to promote the role of the United Nations; fight against arms race, disarmament, preventing and resolving international conflicts.
Protect the independence and self-determination of peoples; improve the international economic environment; economic, cultural and social development and guarantee of human rights.
We are completing the preparations related to effective participation in UN peacekeeping operations in accordance with our conditions and capabilities.